Menopause comes after a woman has not menstruated for 12 straight months and can naturally no longer get pregnant. Typically it starts between the ages of 45 and 55, but before or after this age range may occur.
Menopause can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as hot flashes and weight gain. For most women, medical treatment isn’t needed for menopause.
To understand what menopauseis, read on.
When does menopause begin and how long does it last?
Most women first begin developing menopause symptoms about four years before their last period. Symptoms often continue until about four years after a woman’s last period.
A small number of women experience menopause symptoms for up to a decade before menopause actually occurs, and 1 in 10 women experience menopausal symptoms for 12 years following their last period.
The median age for menopause is 51, though it may occur on average up to two years earlier for Black and Latina women. More studies are needed to understand the onset of menopause for women of color.
There are many factors, including genetics and ovary health, that help determine when you will begin menopause. Prior to menopause, premenopause occurs. Premenopause is a time when training for menopause starts to change the hormones.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE?
Every woman’s menopause experience is unique. Symptoms are usually more severe when menopause occurs suddenly or over a shorter period of time.
Conditions that impact the health of the ovary, like cancer or hysterectomy, or certain lifestyle choices, like smoking, tend to increase the severity and duration of symptoms.
Aside from menstruation changes, the symptoms of pre menopause, menopause, and post menopause are generally the same. The most common early signs of pre menopause are:
An estimated 75 percent of women experience hot flashes with menopause.
Other common symptoms of menopause include:
Common complications of menopause include: